Sunday, 1 January 2012

Controlling the Quality of Education

Dr. K.K. Singh
Head Deptt. Of  B.Ed.
Ramngar P.G. College,

Ram Nagar, Barabanki (U.P.)

            Sixty years of Independence with a couple of Education Commissions and a new National Educational Policy enacted in 1986, have not brought quality education in our schools in the country. Schools in most of the States, both at primary and secondary levels, continue suffering from material inadequacies, lack of physical facilities, lack of professionally equipped teachers, and non-availability of textbooks etc. It is greatly dismaying that the Government machinery, which is responsible to make schools function efficiently and smoothly, is ineffective and devoid of pre-planned organization schemes, which could re-establish the rotten educational system into a desired gear. Our education is at the brink of wrecking down. It is a very disastrous situation, which if not sustained properly would haul the entire country to a point of extermination.

            Our schools hardly have well planned and authorized programs, which can herald them to the path of development. Every thing seems to have been lost in the expectation of a bright future which has gone a very for distance in terms of time. Lack of quality in education is the main cause of under development and in advancement of education. It is going to affect the future generation cumulatively.
                After independence, there has been a great deterioration in our value structure. All this has happened mainly because our education has greatly suffered qualitatively, and the people who are responsible for such a plight, are unaware of the fact that the posterity will never forgive them for their mainly responsible in building the social and academic climate of the school. Likewise the Secondary School Boards are responsible in framing significant curricula through which the desired changes can be brought into the pupil's realm. The social elite's role in building the social climate of the school can always be seen as a positive force influencing children's lives.
                It will not be an over statement to say that today both the school climate and the teacher's efficiency are at their lowest ebbs in the history of education after Independence. If we examine pupil's behavior both academically as well as socially, a big gap seems to have emerged out  in it in these sixty years. Even a post-graduate teacher (who is a by-product of the past sixty years) both at school as well as college levels, reflect great inadequacies in the social and mental standards. We all are bewildered and shocked that Government's efforts to improve quality in education in the past sixty years through various Commissions have been futile as no significant changes have taken place, in the pupil's personality.

How To Improve Quality In Education ?
                In fact the situation may not be that dismal as it is being seen overtly. There have been good products of our schools and good teachers have always been good products of our schools and good teachers have always been seen here and there. But the amount of that good product and the number of very good teachers have been so scanty that we may consider it insignificant.
                The solution has to be seen in the framework of the entire school structure. It is the teacher himself and the parents who must be aware of the inadequate situation by reflecting thoughtfully upon the causes which have been contributing to it. Both the teachers and the parents have to change and transcend themselves from the unacademic and Irresponsible behavior. Infact what they have been contributing is totally inadequate, unwholesome and unbecoming.
II. Factors Responsible for Inadequate quality education:
                There are two persons who are mainly involved in giving and receiving education-the teacher and the pupil. The teacher's job is to transmit not only knowledge but to prepare him also to be a capable adult who will live a satisfying life. The teacher, through encouragement & appropriate opportunities. will continue working more effectively and bring significant changes in pupil.
                In fact when we talk of "Significant changes" in the pupil, we simply mean it in two ways, i.e. (1) growth in his physical, emotional, and mental structures and (2) growth of his social horizon which includes the formation of an adequate value system with which he proves himself to be a good citizen.
                In fact teachers play a very important role in shaping the lives of their pupils. Equally important are the parents who are directly responsible for their children's growth. But besides the teachers and the parents, administrators, Secondary School Boards and social elites are some of the others who could be considered responsible in shaping the pupil's life. In fact teachers and parents have their direct duties towards the children, whereas the people mentioned later on, have surely indirect influence on them. Unsocial mental states, which often contribute negatively to the child's personality, and play a vital role in the construction of child's wholesome personality.
                It is greatly shocking that the management of Secondary School Boards has reduced its main role to examination conducting agency rather than as an innovator to designing, experimenting and implementing new curricula.
                The managers of the Secondary School Board and can tighten their grip on the school curriculum in terms of improvement and implementation. It is also not very difficult for the Boards to have a thorough checking and inspection of a school before it finally gets its approval.
                It seems that even after sixty years of Independence, neither there have emerged real social elites or workers nor the society has felt any need in this direction. Except in the big towns in the country where a few social workers or elites could be there who would_be really concerned with the welfare of the society, in no small towns any social elites are there who would be really interested in moral social and educational upliftment of their country men. In most of the small or big towns the role of a social elite/worker has been taken up by a political worker whose vision is often limited to his political party and not to the people's needs.
                In fact a social worker's concern is the entire society to   which he belongs to. He is one of the persons whose presence is not only imperative during parent-teacher associations but also needed greatly during board's meetings when important decisions regarding curriculum change etc. are taken.
                The role of Government Inspectors or senior administrators is of great importance in promoting quality education in the country. They should inspect schools religiously and take decisions objectively so that schools could function very efficiently. Quality education is greatly suffering on account of good government administrators in our country. It is said that educational administrators often yield to political pressures as such they cannot work independently. But there are always few Inspectors or Deputy Director who never yield to any kind of political pressures or who never care for political interference and act honestly.
                It is a great need of the day that we have conscientious administrators who keeping aside their selfish interests, help improving school's environment and boost up quality education.
                It is not too difficult to have good teachers or good social workers or honest Inspectors both at the Board's as well as Government levels. If all who are concerned wit education think and reflect correctly and transcend themselves from the base level, the task could be easier. For such a task no guru is needed, neither political blessing is required. What is required is the self's determination, a good social and moral outlook and a strong desire to work for the country.
                The most important human endeavour is the striving for morality in our actions. Our inner balance and even our very existence depend on it. Only morality in our actions can give beauty and dignity to life.
                To make this a living force and bring it to clear consciousness is perhaps the foremost task of education. - Albert Einstein
References :-
1      Bloom,B.S.1984. Taxonomy of educational objectives.  New York: Longman
2      Improving Quality of Educational Research-Rashmi Diwan-2002
3      Improving Quality in Education - Charles Hoy-2000
4      National Policy on Education - 1986, PoA for NPE 1992
6      Times Educational Supplement-2005