Tuesday, 1 January 2013

A Study the Effect of Emotional Intelligence on Academic Achievement of Secondary Level School’s Students


Pooja Chaturvedi and Harish Kumar Pandey


Some fundamental new theories have been introduced which one of them is multiple intelligence theory intelligence theory in 1990 and Goleman’s emotional intelligence theory in 1995. After the study of these theories we can say that success depends upon several intelligence and on the control of emotions. Intelligence quotient alone is no more the measure for success; emotional intelligence and social intelligence also play a big role in the person’s success. The main purpose of these researches what is the measure of success.

Keywords:- Emotional intelligence, Achievement, Objectives of the Study, Research Design.

Introduction:- We educate students with one main objective in mind that is success. What is the measure of success?  Now some fundamental new theories have been introduced which one of them is multiple intelligence theory intelligence theory in 1990 and Goleman’s emotional intelligence theory in 1995. After the study of these theories we can say that success depends upon several intelligence and on the control of emotions. Intelligence quotient alone is no more the measure for success; emotional intelligence and social intelligence also play a big role in the person’s success. If emotional intelligence is considered so important for success, them why don’t we start teaching it’s components to our students in schools. It affects students academic achievement then it will be useful I raising the level of student’s success.
            The first purpose of this study in to see whether there is any relationship between emotional intelligence and academic achievement. Second purpose of this study is to see whether there is any relationship between emotional intelligence and school administration. Do the high academic achiever secondary schools has a high emotional intelligence level or is not? Do the low achievers have a low emotional intelligence? So the population of this study will be secondary levels, students in Ghaziabad District U.P. the sample will be 100 students and principals of related schools.
Independent and dependent variables: The independent variable will be Emotional Intelligence and dependent variables will be Academic Achievement.
Definition of Terms:-
1.Emotional Intelligence: - Emotional intelligence is the ability that is helpful knowing, feeling and judging emotions of his own and others for the ultimate realization of the happiness and welfare of self of others. John D mayer and Peter Solvey (1990) have defined it as “Emotional intelligence may be defined as the capacity to reason with emotion in four areas: to perceive emotion, to integrate it in thought, to understand it and to manager it”
2.Achievement: - Achievement comprises student’s abilities and performance. It is multidimensional related to human growth and development. It reflects whose which occurs across time and level of student’s life. Merriam Webster has defined it as “the quality and quantity of a student’s works”
Need and importance of the study: Emotional intelligence, like general intelligence is the product of one’s heredity and it’s interaction with his environmental forces. Until recently, we have been led to believe that a person’s general intelligence measured as I.Q. or intelligence quotient is the greatest predictor of success in any walk of life- academic, social, vocational or professional. Consequently, the I.Q. scores are often used for selection, classification and promotion of individual in various programmers, courses and job placement etc. however researches and experiments conducted in the last 20th century have tried to challenge such over dominance of the intelligence and its measure. Intelligence quotient (I.Q.) by replacing it with the concept of emotional intelligence and it’s measure, emotional intelligence and it’s measure, emotional quotient (E.Q.) these have revealed that a person’s emotional intelligence measured through his E.Q may be a greater predictor of success than his or her I.Q.
            According to Dr. Goleman people who have control over their emotional life are able to fight inner battle m ore successfully and can focus on their work and think clearly. He felt that emotional intelligence is a type of social intelligence, which involves the capacity for recognizing not only our own feelings but also the other’s feeling.
            The issue emotional will-being of teachers or educational Administrator is being addressed more these day there is a talk of teaching emotional and social learning skills to the future administrators and students. They need to be sensitizing for the stress and emotional demands in the schools. This emotional intelligence is very important for the Administrators and students. Especially educational administrators, to achieve educational objective. It is also helpful in increasing Achievement of students in the schools as the Dr. Goleman said, “The success of a person solely depends upon the arts of managing emotions which includes practical skills and ability to handle people.”
Review of Related Literature:- The first use of term, “emotional intelligence is usually attributed to Wayne Payne’s doctoral thesis, “A study of emotion: Developing emotional intelligence (1985).
            Them the term emotional intelligence appeared in a series of academic articles written by Mayer and solvey (1990, 1993, and 1995).  He argues in his book that intelligence quotient (I.Q) contributes only about 20% to success and other farces contributes 80% we can infer that emotional intelligence, luck, social class are among these farces.
            In January 2000 cooer and Murphy conducted a study that examined the relationship between self-identity and academic persistence and achievement. The study revealed that the higher the self-concept the more positive the self-descriptions, the better the academic achievement at 18.
            In the working of emotional intelligence Goleman explored the function of on the job and claimed EEI to be the strongest predictor of success in the work place with more confirmation of these finding on a word wide sample seen in brad berry and greaves “the emotional intelligence quick book” (2005).
Objectives of the Study: Some important objectives of the proposed study are the following:-
1.To measure the Emotional intelligence level or quotient of the students.
2.To study the effect of Emotional intelligence on students Academic achievement.
3.To study the effect of Emotional intelligence on the boys Academic Achievement.
4.To study the effect of Emotional intelligence on the girls Academic Achievement.
5.To study the effect of Emotional intelligence of school administration.
6.To study the effect of Emotional intelligence on the organization of the School.
7.To study the effect of Emotional intelligence on the different subjects achievement.
Research Design: In these research 100 students was randomly selected from the different schools. than gave emotional intelligence scale(EIS) which is the first scientifically developed and validated measure of emotional intelligence EIS measures emotional intelligence through 10 factors which are self awareness, empathy self motivation, emotional stability, managing relations, integrity, self development, value orientation, commitment and altruistic behavior.
Database and Tools for Data Collection:-
1. Achievement data: – In this research data for the Achievement          of the student was taken from class 10th U.P. Board exam’s marks after the declaration of result by internet of from college record.
2. Emotional intelligence level: - To know for the emotional level of students and administrators researcher was apply ‘Emotional intelligence scale(EIS) constructed Anukool hyds, Sanjot pethe and Upinder dhar it contains 34 items and measures emotional intelligence through 10 factor-Self Awareness, Empathy, Self Motivation, emotional stability, managing relations, integrity, self development, value orientation, commitment and altruistic behaviour.
Methodology of the Study: In order to get reliable and valid result the sample of the study consist of the class 10th 100 students from 8 Schools randomly selected from Ghaziabad District U.P. so population of the study will be all student of the class 10th of Ghaziabad District.
Statically Technique- For the testing of hypothesis T-Test which is generally used in comparative studies.
 Conclusion:-
Ø  There was a positive relationship between emotional intelligence and Achievement.
Ø  High Achiever has high emotional intelligence level.
Ø  Lower Achiever has low emotional intelligence level.
Ø  There is a positive relationship between the administration and emotional intelligence.
Ø  Good administrator has high emotional intelligence level and lower grade administrator have low emotional intelligence level.
Educational Implications:-
 Emotional Intelligence of candidates must be examined before admitting them in educational training course and at the time of recruitment as a teacher in educational institutions.
(A)          This study can help institution or teachers to reduce the effect of stress on B.Ed. students.
(B)          The conclusion of this study indicates that the Emotional Intelligence effects characters development of individual so the institution should make effort to stabilize Emotional Intelligence of aspirant teacher.
(C)          Education system should therefore, encourage aspirant teacher or B.Ed. students who work well under academic stress.
(D)          This study is helpful for B.Ed. students who are emotionally unstable or not capable of handling stress or who do not enjoy the teaching profession.
(E)          So it can be said that the present study will be of great importance for the emotional and cognitive aspect of student’s teachers and parents.
(F)          Thus this study will not only helpful for the students but also it will be helpful for the teachers and administrators of principals of the school.
(G)         They can make their teaching more effective and good relations with the staff and students, this is only educational implication.
(H)         Its implication could be ever fiend of life and work. So it is useful for every individual.
References: -
1.Mangal, S.K: ‘Advanced Educational Psychology and ‘Statistics in Psychology and Education.’
2.Joshi, M.C. and Pandey, Jagdish, ‘Adjustment Inventory’.
3.Singh, Arun Kumar, ‘Educational Psychology.
4.Kuppuswamy, B. ‘Advanced Educational Psychology.’
5.Murphy and Gardner. ‘An Introduction to Psychology’.
6.James, D: ’Abnormal Psychology’.
7.Mohsin, S.M.: Elementary Psychology.
8.Ryun, W. M:  Introduction to Education Psychology.


Pooja Chaturvedi,
Lecturer,
Advance Institute of Management, Ghaziabad
Harish Kumar Pandey,
Lecturer,

Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute, ModiNagar, Ghaziabad